Historical first – Children propose solutions for inclusive and smart cities at Children & Youth Assembly, Habitat III

“We are a technology savvy generation and we can be a powerful resource to city authorities. We have skills and information that can support efficiency and sustainability in the city,” stated 15-year-old representative from World Vision’s Mexico program.

Over 100 children and adolescents from Ecuador, El Salvador, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Brazil, India and Indonesia; from local, regional and global child and youth serving agencies gathered at the UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development in Quito, Ecuador to identify issues, priorities and recommendations for the implementation of the New Urban Agenda. As a historical first, children and adolescent voices were included in the Habitat III process starting with the launch of the Children and Youth Assembly on 15th October during the conference. The Assembly aimed to provide a formal platform for our current citizens and future leaders to propose solutions that can contribute to smart and inclusive cities for children that are just, safe, healthy and prosperous; that leave no one behind.

Several activities were organized during the day for children and adolescents to express their views on issues surrounding their rights to healthy and safe public spaces, access to quality education and health services, and protection from violence and their right to genuine participation mechanisms in city planning and budgeting processes.

Among the activities of the day, a training session ‘Map my city’ was organized to discuss the use of technology for improved understanding of city issues by children and youth (aged 14-16) participating in the Assembly. The training session delivered by Spatial Collective presented a case study of mapping by youth in one of the largest slums of Nairobi, Kibera. Children and youth saw how technology can fill in the gaps in information and secondary data used by city authorities. They learned about the technologies available to capture primary data that could become a resource for governments and influence planning and budgeting.

“The collection of primary data is fundamental to addressing urban dynamism and changing context. Information collected on a regular basis could transform the perception of communities about their well-being and predict issues that could be affecting them in the short and long term. This information once collected on a regular basis is a powerful tool for advocacy by young people to propose solutions for services and equity, said Doug Ragan, Chief of Youth Unit, UN-Habitat. Spatial Collective then presented an example of the application of mapping software from Pitney Bowes, a software company that leads in location and Spatial intelligence, provided visuals that are interactive maps that capture data on a real time basis.
Children and adolescents from cities of El Salvador, Mexico, Ecuador, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Brazil, India and Indonesia enthusiastically explained the issues in their respective cities, the realities of their contexts, the communities and informal settlements that remain invisible to local government, the issue of informal authorities such as gangs that make rules; waste, lack of playgrounds, green and walkable spaces. They were keen to explore these technologies in their cities.

There was consensus in the room that the government bodies responsible for data collection are often poorly resourced, with inconsistent data collection approaches. On the other hand, data collection and input by communities themselves can generate rich and useful information that complements conventional data collection methods and address such knowledge gaps. This is especially true for children and youth being a technology-savvy young generation. Young people said they are eager to contribute to well- being, equity and prosperity in the city. They can be are a key resource and agent of change to drive positive transformation in the city and a critical resource in creating smarter communities and shaping an inclusive and sustainable future.  Spatial Collective representatives explained how “you can turn a mobile phone into a very effective data collection tool that helps produce maps of issues in a city”. “Through mapping technology we can bring children and youth like you to the same table with governments”.

With the problem of data on children’s well-being and extreme poverty experienced in urban slum communities being obscured by the relative affluence of their neighboring communities, locally generated information that can benefit key decision makers within local and municipal governments to inform the direction of policies, programmes and resources is a critical need. For cities to be inclusive and smart, all urban dwellers, especially the most vulnerable and marginalised, must be able to participate in and interact with data collection and analysis that contribute to cities that are people-centred and reflect the collective intelligence of its communities.

The “Map my City” session highlighted the importance of public-private partnerships and a multi-disciplinary approach to urban solutions applying the principle of complementarity to promote the implementation of the New Urban Agenda. It is increasingly evident that no single actor can unilaterally achieve the type of large-scale transformational change necessary to create cities where children and youth thrive. Technology is critical to transform cities to smart and efficient hubs and the business sector who have the expertise, resources, power, technology, knowledge, influence and innovation need to come on board for sustainable cities of the future.

About the Author


Joyati Das is the Senior Director for Urban Programs at World Vision International. In 2008, Joyati designed and launched the organisation’s Urban Programs Initiative, a multi-country action research initiative across select World Vision field offices which resulted in World Vision’s flagship urban report, Making sense of the city, 2016. Its success has led to the scaling up of World Vision’s Global Urban Program that continues to develop measurable, scalable and effective interventions that are locally led, respond to urban dynamism and provide evidence to strengthen global policies and frameworks.

With Masters in Sociology and Communications, Joyati brings 25 years of experience in diverse sectors including corporate, government and non-government organizations. She has contributed to several media and journal articles highlighting issues of vulnerabilities and children’s rights in the city. Joyati represents World Vision International as Co-Chair of the Children and Youth Constituent Group for the General Assembly of Partners, for Habitat III. She is also on the advisory board of the UN Global Cities Institute, and an elected standing committee member of UN-Habitat’s World Urban Campaign.


It’s World Cities Day!

It’s a World Cities Day! So what are you doing to make your city a better place?


Since 2013, the 31st October is designated to celebrate the world’s cities and draw attention to its opportunities and challenges. In fact, the whole month of October was dedicated to promote better urban future, with Habitat III – the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development as a highlight of the month. The conference brought over 30,000 delegates to the Ecuadorian Capital Quito to discuss the way forward for our cities in the next 20 years and representatives of all the member states who took it upon them to commit to deliver on the newly adopted New Urban Agenda.


But the change and advancement of our cities is not only up to our governments. We young people have equal responsibility to contribute to making our cities more liveable, sustainable, safe and resilient. And how are we going to do it? That’s up to you! There are no “one size fits all” guidelines. The world’s cities are as diverse as our societies, with their unique structures, cultural heritage and vibrant people. They require individual approach that takes into consideration all its special features. It is up to you to be creative and design a plan of action that is doable, smart and impactful.


Motivated? Great! Join the #UrbanAction, a global campaign to encourage young people all over the world to take action in their cities to advance SDGs and support NUA. Sign up and share your ideas, your plan of action, struggles and victories with the others! Inspire them! Motivate them! Join them! Together we can do so much more than on our own! In the spirit of the SDG 17, let’s build unbreakable partnerships between all segments of society and make our urban future better.



Celebrate World #CitiesDay!! UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message

“The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the New Urban Agenda show how investing in cities advances progress across societies.” – UNSG

The world is celebrating cities — join in!! Following the highly successful Habitat III conference , the world is now focused on how cities can be #Cities4All and a positive force sustainable development and the achievement of both the 2030 Agenda and the NUA.

Please watch UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon’s World #CitiesDay message.

If you want to get involved please follow us our on Facebook a UN-Habitat Youth, or twitter at @unhabitatyouth, and the #UrbanAction campaign.

Indigenous Peoples and the City

— by Mindahi Bastida

Habitat III in Quito 2016 is a wonderful opportunity to participate in an inclusive process where all voices are to be heard and taken into account for international policy regarding urban development for present and future generations and livelihoods.

YouthHAB UN has been a key initiative where indigenous inclusion has become a reality. The Indigenous and the City Declaration was the result of a process of three amazing meetings carried out between April and October 2016. The three of them were organized by Youth Habitat-UN Unit and indigenous organizations together. The first “Indigenous cities” event took place in Toluca, Mexico within the Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Meeting on Housing and Urban Sustainable Development Habitat III, on April 19, 2016. Many indigenous youth participated and the Consejo de la Nación Otomí was the co-organizer.


The second one took place in New York within the 15 UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues on May 13, 2016. Here also young people from around the world, who were participating in the Permanent Forum, shared their ideas, experiences, and recommendations. The co-organizer organizations were the Otomi Regional Council of Alto Lerma and the Center for Earth Ethics.


The third event took place in the beautiful Kichua city of Otavalo in the Otavalango Museum, on October 11 and 12, 2016. The presence of many youth from indigenous peoples’ communities from different countries from Latin America gave to the event not only an intercultural taste but a high quality of participations.

The final Indigenous and the City Declaration was presented on October 13, 2016, by the Otomi Mindahi Bastida, the Kichua Luzmila Zambrano and the Mapuche Cecilia González in the Escuela Politécnica Nacional in Quito in the Habitat III context and also in the Habitat III Conference.


The main recommendations are that indigenous peoples have the right to the city and also the right to self-determination and that Habitat III final declaration must acknowledge indigenous peoples’ collective rights and the rights of Mother Earth.

Ambulant Tactical Urban Planning Labs: Making city

Within the frame of the Habitat III Conference, which is scheduled for this week in Quito, it is important to mention all the activities, ideas and alternative proposals that are emerging in the city. Ambulant Tactical Urban Planning Labs (LIUTS – in Spanish), is a workshop put forward by two neighbourhoods in Quito, Santa Clara and Pisulí, over three days in August this year. Organized under the umbrella of the YoutHab Conference, which represents a platform for youth to exchange ideas and discuss their rights in relation to the city. These workshops are an example of the positive initiatives being brought forward by young Ecuadorians.

The workshops were designed as an urban experiment, which sought to involve different actors in the city, such as public institutions, the community and architecture students. Two locations were selected: Santa Clara neighbourhood, which represents an emblematic area of Quito and which faces the principles problems of a lack of urban furniture; poor urban aesthetics; and few pedestrian friendly spaces. In parallel, another location with different characteristics was selected: Pisulí neighbourhood. Here, insecurity, lack of public space and minimal support from public bodies, has generated strong social cohesion among inhabitants, who manage all changes in public spaces within the neighbourhood. To universities are involved in the urban experiment: the Central University of Ecuador -the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism-; and the University of the Americas -the Faculty of Architecture and Design- with the objective that students propose urban strategies at the neighbourhood scale. Some 120 proposals were presented for the two neighbourhoods, of which 57 proposals were selected, the students socialised and verified the viability of the projects.

During weeks prior to workshops, the students and professors conducted socialization and modifications to proposals based participatory processes with the community and the available materials. For example, in the case of Pisulí, the “Café de Barrio”, which aimed to encourage and share with residents the community participation within urban processes and sustainable mobility. In addition, during this period other entities were involved such as TECHO ECUADOR supported by volunteers for the workshop days in Pisulí.

During workshop proposals were developed. In the case of Pisulí, with the community improvements to the main street to public spaces and urban furniture with car tires collected by residents, were agreed. In the case of Santa Clara, students from the Central University represent the majority of the community that live in the neighbourhood. They made changes in urban aesthetics: messages against pedestrian harassment and the installation of urban furniture in the central square. During the workshops delegates from the United Nations attended the implementation of the proposals.

The workshops included the first urban experiment of this type by the organizers. Its main objective sought to generate the appropriation of public space by the community. To understand that we live in a community in our city and that small interventions can be the first step to great changes, has already been realised by participants. In addition, for students, this represented an opportunity to leave the academic framework and interact with the users of urban spaces, with a minimum budget and manage their projects, this represented their first professional experience. Beyond all acquired knowledge, the reality of sharing thoughts with people from different social strata, opens our consciousness to understand our duty to interaction in the city; which at the same time, can go hand in hand with the helping communities lacking essential urban infrastructure.

María Amanda Padilla R.

Instagram: amandamaria82

Twitter: @YoutHABconf

Super Urbana, Young Journalism for Habitat III!

— By Alice Junqueira

A lot of people around the world don’t know the international agendas and don’t follow the discussions on the commitments signed by our governments within the United Nations (UN). To help change that a very different coverage of Habitat III was prepared! 

We are talking about the Super Urbana project! This is a journalistic coverage, with a youth lens, that started during the YoutHab –the youth pre-conference for Habitat III– and is now checking out all Habitat III’s activities and exploring the landscape of people’s connections with the official programme.

Why are we doing it? Usually, the coverage of international conferences remains very technical and lacks alternative languages to approache and engage population in general, in particular youth.

superurbana3Also, if we believe that information should be plural and democratic, youth must be represented, in both information sharing and in the media!

Who is Super Urbana? Super Urbana [Super Urban] is a young super heroine who will be interviewing people and checking in with all the discussions of Habitat III, in particular it will focus on three essential challenges that we need to face in our cities and that young people are concerned with: the non-realization of the right to the city; gender racial and ethnic inequality; and climate change!

superurbana1The urban world is in need of super heroines and super heroes and these super heroes and super heroines are all of us! This is the call to action of Super Urbana.

The coverage is a youth – led iniative co-realized by the Youth and Land Project and the Brazilian Collective Clímax Brazil. Check out the videos at: https://www.facebook.com/climaxbra



Youth DeclarAction for Habitat III


And .. its live! Please read the Youth DeclarAction for Habitat III.

Young people from all over the world gather in Quito to create the Youth DeclarACTION for the New Urban Agenda

Quito, October 14th, 2016. Young people participating at the YoutHab Conference have gathered from October 13th to 15th, 2016 in Quito, Ecuador, to develop a “DeclarACTION” to seek local authorities commitment to youths within the framework of the New Urban Agenda (NUA) and strengthen the partnership between them. Supported by UN-Habitat and a coalition of 10 civil society partners, youth worked 24/7 to assure that everyone’s perspective was heard and reflected in the final statement.


The Mayor of Quito Mauricio Rodas, opened the YoutHab conference with a strong endorsement of youth’s engagement in the New Urban Agenda.

“Certainly the more voices and more participation we have in these discussions [on the New Urban Agenda], we will have better elements to build a city more respectful of human rights, a city that offers quality public services, a more democratic city where everyone can access spaces, have first class infrastructure, booming economic development and social inclusion under a clear focus on respect for the environment, natural resources “, stated Mayor Rhodes.

The “DeclarACTION” proposes goals and actions that fulfill youths demands and needs to achieve more just, safe, healthy, accessible, affordable, resilient and sustainable cities and builds a roadmap to cities’ governments and young people work together. It is structured according to the same that structure NUA’S Zero Draft.

The document approved included not only the actions co-created by young people present in the YoutHab conference but also the propositions of consultations and position papers written and/or subscribed by youths that were previously systematized and integrated to the process the development of the DeclarACTION to ensure an inclusive and integrated approach. In YoutHab people from 14 countries were present and propositions from 20 countries were systematized as a part of other regional and international the 5 regions of the world consultations and positions papers.

The “DeclarACTION” will be officially launched and available on Youthab’s website in the first day of Habitat III, October 17th, 2016 when the first approach with youthmand with the horizon of an approved NUA begins. Bellow, a first overview of its content with the goals developed. Please see this link for updates on the DeclarACTION :

For More information:
Ana Cristina Benalcazar and Alice Junqueira

In Text Version
Youth DeclarACTION for the New Urban Agenda

We, young people participating in the YoutHab Conference, have gathered from October 13th to 15th, 2016 in Quito, Ecuador, to co-create this “DeclarACTION” in order to seek a local authority commitment to the youth within the framework of the New Urban Agenda (NUA) and strengthen the partnership between city governments and young people. With 1.8 billion young people worldwide and considering the demographic transition we are currently living, today more than ever, it is absolutely crucial to include us in working to achieve NUA’s compromises and, as equally important, in the work to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

In this sense, as active and compromised citizens, we are proposing goals and actions that fulfill our demands and needs to achieve more equitable, safe, healthy, accessible, affordable, resilient and sustainable cities and share a roadmap so city governments and young people from all around the world can work together.

The approved document includes not only actions co-created by young people present at the YoutHab Conference, but also the proposals of consultations and position papers written and / or subscribed by youth, that were previously systematized and integrated in the processes of the creation of the DeclarACTION, aiming to guarantee an inclusive and integrated approach to it. This way, the document compiles the inputs from young participants from 15 different countries that attended the YoutHab Conference; in addition, it includes the proposals of consultations and position papers from 20 countries, as well as regional and international youth statements.

In this regard, we:

Build on our core principles of Human Rights, Right to the City and Universal Access to Opportunity and Infrastructure;

Acknowledge the ongoing work of our governments and local authorities to engage youth but, emphasize that we still need to be seen as key assets and partners in the process of designing, implementing and monitoring of public policies; and not only be seen as its beneficiaries, since we are the ones who suffer the consequences of poor decision-making;

Express the need for UN-HABITAT, as a leading UN agency to implement NUA, to strengthen its support of youth initiatives, national and local governments, and youth partnerships and;

Call on all Member States to also support the implementation of the NUA and increase the capacity of youth and local governments to work in a collaborative manner and promote the engagement of young people in the implementation of the action points we have proposed to reach defined goals:


1) To eradicate poverty in all its forms and dimensions, recognize it is a multidimensional problem and approach it cross-sectionally; 2) To guarantee equal access to affordable, culturally appropriate, age-responsive, easily available, accessible, non-discriminatory infrastructure of basic services; 3) To eliminate discrimination against young people and fight generational prejudice; 4) To prevent and end all forms of violence, crime and discrimination; especially violence, crimes and discrimination based on gender, race and ethnicity and those against children and youth; 5) To protect and foster diversity, heritage, tangible and intangible urban cultural expressions; 6) To guarantee migrants, internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees’ rights and foster their inclusion in cities.


1) To eliminate youth unemployment; 2) To regulate the informal sector and prevent the criminalization and stigmatization of artistic and informal economic activities; 3) To foster youth entrepreneurship, fair trade, local economies and new models of economy; 4) To eradicate child labor, forced labor and all kinds of exploitation; 5) To guarantee universal access to education; 6) To guarantee access to quality health services, including sexual and reproductive health services.


1) To guarantee an environmentally sustainable urban development and minimize cities’ environmental impact; 2) To develop resilient urban infrastructure and promote disaster risk management; 3) To promote alternative mobility infrastructure and systems that prioritize walkability, pedestrian safety, cycling and public transportation; 4) To create efficient, environmentally friendly and and low-carbon public transportation systems; 5) To promote energy conservation and ensure affordable and sustainable energy for all.


1) To adopt and implement financed, multi-sector, bottom-up participation mechanisms that value young people as key actors; 2) To promote and implement data-based decision making processes with disaggregated data; 3) To eliminate corruption and improve participation, transparency and accountability mechanisms; 4) To promote user- friendly Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) and foster access to information, accountability and public effectiveness and efficiency.


1) To adopt and implement urban planning processes that promote sustainability, inclusion, equity, well-being and the right to the city; 2) To consider the urban-rural linkages and dynamics for urban planning to protect natural resources and foster equitable regional development; 3) To create efficient and integrated public transport systems; 4) To create and maintain safe, inclusive, accessible, green, multi-purpose and quality public spaces; 5) To adopt and implement housing policies that will guarantee an adequate standard of living for all; 6) To guarantee the social function of land and tenure security; 7) To upgrade informal settlements and slums and prioritize integrated, multidimensional and participatory interventions.

Highlighted above are the goals that establish the roadmap we want to see put into practice to start our communities and cities transformation through the NUA, along with the SDGs. We are ready and willing to partner with our local governments and other stakeholders to join forces towards building more people-centered, socially cohesive, equitable, inclusive, intergenerational, environmentally-friendly, democratic and collaborative cities. We ask the governments and local authorities to take urgent steps to ensure that we are finally listened to and taken seriously. As young and responsible citizens who have already been working hard to improve our cities, we commit to continue to be part of the implementation of the action points outlined in this “DeclarACTION” that are further detailed in the website: http://youthab.com/


Alcalde Rodas asistió al conversatorio de jóvenes ‘YoutHab’ para Habitat III

En horas de la mañana de este 13 de octubre, el Alcalde de Quito Mauricio Rodas formó parte del conversatorio denominado YoutHab promovido por grupos, universidades y varios colectivos de jóvenes, dentro de la agenda del evento internacional Habitat III. Se desarrolló en las instalaciones de la Escuela Politécnica Nacional.

Este evento contó con la presencia de Christian López, de CLIL/YoutHab, Douglas Reagan de UN-Habitat III; Anja Minnaert de FES-ILDIS, Ana Cristina Benalcázar, de CLICL/YoutHab; Roberto Madera de CLICL/YoutHab y decenas de jóvenes que se dieron cita para participar activamente en este conversatorio.

El Alcalde de Quito Mauricio Rodas felicitó a los jóvenes por esta iniciativa de YoutHab y dijo que es una oportunidad para incorporar la activa participación de la juventud a fin que sus ideas puedan ser tomadas en cuenta en los debates que se  van a generar como un aporte de este sector poblacional para la aplicación de la nueva Agenda Urbana que se aprobará en Quito durante Habitat III.

santa-clara“Sin duda mientras más voces y más participación tengamos en esos debates contaremos con mejores elementos para construir una ciudad más democrática, más  respetuosa de los derechos humanos, una ciudad que ofrezca servicios públicos de calidad, una ciudad en la que todos podamos apropiarnos de los espacios en virtud de contar con infraestructura de primer nivel, que impulse el desarrollo económico y la inclusión social bajo un claro enfoque de respeto al medio ambiente, a los recursos naturales”, refirió el Alcalde Rodas.

Recalcó que todos estos temas son fundamentales y el aporte de los jóvenes con sus ideas va a enriquecer tremendamente la discusión en temas tan importantes.


El alcalde Rodas ratificó una vez más que durante dos años la Municipalidad de Quito se ha preparado para Habitat III y que la cuidad está lista, será una oportunidad muy importantes para mostrarnos como una urbe con extraordinarios atractivos turísticos, como una ciudad con una población que recibe a sus visitantes con corazón abierto, con calidez, con la amabilidad que siempre ha caracterizado a los quiteños.

También será la ocasión para que la capital presente su visión en materia de desarrollo urbano sostenible, de una ciudad que permanentemente trabaja para el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida de sus ciudadanos, con esquemas de movilidad sostenible, de protección a los recursos naturales, con mecanismos de impulso al desarrollo económico bajo un profundo enfoque de inclusión social, que se respeten las libertades, los derechos humanos de todas las personas. Una ciudad que promueve la diversidad cultural.

“En breves palabras esa es la visión que Quito va a promover hacia el 2040”, dijo el Alcalde Mauricio Rodas, quien aprovechó para extender la más cordial invitación para que todos disfruten también de la amplia agenda cultural prepara por la Alcaldía de Quito en el marco de Habitat III la misma que incluye la Fiesta de la Luz y una amplia gama de eventos totalmente gratuitos.

“Que esta sea una fiesta para todos los quiteños, que la disfruten con sus familias en las diferentes plazas del Centro Histórico”, señaló el Alcalde capitalino Mauricio Rodas.

Mayor of Quito, Mauricio Rhodes attends ‘YoutHab’ conference for Habitat III

In the morning of the 13th October, the Mayor of Quito Mauricio Rodas was part of the YoutHab conferences sponsored by groups, universities and several groups of young people, within the agenda of Habitat III. The conference was held at the National Polytechnic School.

This event was attended by Christian Lopez, CLIL/ YoutHab; Douglas Reagan UN-Habitat; Anja Minnaert FES-ILDIS; Ana Cristina Benalcázar of CLICL / YoutHab; Robert Wood CLICL / YoutHab and young people gathered to actively participate in this discussion group.

Mayor Rodas congratulated the youth for this initiative YoutHab and said it is an opportunity to incorporate the active participation of youth so that their ideas can be taken into account in the discussions that will be generated as a contribution this population sector for the implementation of the New Urban Agenda to be adopted in Quito for Habitat III.

“Certainly the more voices and more participation we have in these discussions we will have better elements to build a more respectful of human rights, a city that offers quality public services, a more democratic city where everyone can access spaces,  have first class infrastructure, booming economic development and social inclusion under a clear focus on respect for the environment, natural resources “, said Mayor Rhodes.

He stressed that all these issues are fundamental and the contribution of young people with their ideas will enrich the discussion tremendously important issues.

Mayor Rhodes confirmed once again that for two years the Municipality of Quito has been prepared for Habitat III and that the city is ready, it will be a very important opportunity to showcase the city through its extraordinary attractions include a city with a population welcomes visitors with open heart, with warmth, with the kindness that has always characterized the Quiteños.

It will also be the occasion for the capital present their vision on sustainable urban development, a city that constantly works to improve the quality of life of its citizens, with projects on sustainable mobility, protection of natural resources, mechanisms promoting economic development with a deep focus on social inclusion, and a city where freedoms are respected and the human rights of all people. And lastly a city that promotes cultural diversity.

“In short this is the vision that Quito will promote by 2040,” said Mayor Rodas, who took the opportunity to extend a warm invitation to all also enjoy the wide cultural agenda prepared by the Municipality of Quito in Habitat III framework thereof including the Festival of Lights and a wide range of fully free events.

“Let this be a party for all Quiteños, who can enjoy the event with their families in different places of the Historic Center,” said City Mayor Mauricio Rodas.